Bhaktapur Durbar Square is a museum of medieval art and architecture with many examples of sculpture, woodcarving and colossal pagoda temples consecrated to different gods and goddesses which is 15 km far from Kathmandu. It is a conglomeration of pagoda and shikhara-style temples grouped around a fifty-five window palace of brick and wood. The square is one of the most charming architectural showpieces of Kathmandu valley as it highlights the ancient arts of Nepal. The golden effigies of kings perched on the top of stone monoliths, the guardian deities looking out from their sanctuaries, the wood carvings in every place-struts, lintels, uprights, tympanums, gateways and windows-all seem to form a well-orchestrated symphony. Pottery and weaving are its major traditional industries.
Major attractions of Bhaktapur Durbar Square
55 Window Palace
This is the main architectural structure dominating the entire Durbar Square. This magnificent monument was built in 15th century AD. Seated on a huge column top in a position of prayer to God is king Bhupatindra Malla.
This is the main entrance to the palace. It is an eternal beauty in itself.
This gate has two beautiful stone statues of Hindu deities installed on its either side. It is said that the hands of the artisan who produced this were cut off immediately after he gave a finishing touch to them. A jealous Bhadgaon (old name of Bhaktapur) king did this so that the artisan could not produce any more of such arts.
Mini Pashupatinath Temple
Some people call it a royal dream temple. Folklore says – once a Bhadgaon king who was a great devotee to lord Pashupatinath had a dream in which the lord told him to build a temple for Pashupatinath right in front of this palace.
This temple dedicated to a mother Goddess is full of intricate works on stone. This temple is known for its dog-barking bell. This bell is believed to produce a death knell when it is rung up.
Nyatapola Temple (Five-storeyed Temple)
This is the most famous pagoda of Nepal. Nyatapola in Newari language means five tires – the symbolic of five basic elements. This is the highest pagoda of Nepal ever built with such architectural perfection and artistic beauty. This temple is dedicated to Sidhilaxmi, the tantric Goddess of supreme power and success.
Bhairava Nath Temple
This temple is dedicated to Bhairava the God of terror and death,
Beside these in Bhaktapur Durbar Squares, we can have short drive to Changu Narayan temple ( one of the oldest temple in Nepal).
We can also have an hour drive to Nagarkot and spend time to see the perfect views of spectacular mountains along with the perfect sunrise and sunset views.