Chitwan national park has long been one of the country treasures. The park is situated in south central Nepal, covering 932 sq. km(359.84 sq miles). Chitwan valley consists of tropical and subtropical forests such as Sal forests, Riverine forests and Grassland. Sal forests cover 70 percent of the park. Sal leaves are used locally for plates in festivals and religious offerings. The area was known as “Four Mile Forest” and a hunting reserve for big game hunting until 1951. In 1963, the area south of the Rapti River was declared as rhinoceros sanctuary. The area was designated as the country’s first national park in 1973. Recognizing its unique ecosystem, UNESCO declared Chitwan national park a world heritage site in 1984.
Chitwan features one of the last populations of Single-Horned Asiatic Rhinoceros and the Bengal tiger. Chitwan also provides excellent opportunities to view rare species such as the sloth bear, bison, leopard, crocodiles and elephants. A serene float down Rapti river in a dugout canoe’s offer the chance to view many of the more than 450 species of exotic birds of the region including the Giant Hornbill, Lesser Florican and Paradise flycatcher.
The park is home for more than 50 mammals’ species, over 500 birds and 55 amphibians and reptiles. The endangered animals found in the park are: One Horned Rhinoceros, Gaur, Royal Bengal Tiger, Wild Elephant, Four horned Antelope, Pangolin, Golden Monitor lizard, Python etc. Birds include Bengal Florican, Giant Hornbill, Black Stork, White Stork etc.
Chitwan Tour Packages offers variety of activities including Jeep safari,Elephant safari: jungle walking safari,Elephant bathing,Elephant breeding center, Tharu village cultural program, Bird watching, Canoe ride.