No specific vaccinations are needed to enter Nepal, but visitors should ensure they are vaccinated against hepatitis A and B, typhoid fever, rabies and Japanese encephalitis. Meningitis A/C shows up frequently during the winter months. If you are travelling through the Terai region, malaria is a concern during the monsoon season. Be careful to avoid getting bitten by mosquitoes at dawn and dusk. Wear long pants, socks and shoes and sleep under a mosquito net whenever possible.
The most common illness suffered by travellers to Nepal is a stomach ache due to consuming contaminated food or water. Never drink water or ice if you aren’t sure it has been purified. Bottled water is available everywhere. Many visitors choose to avoid eating dairy products or unpeeled fruit. Meat is fine as long as it’s been thoroughly cooked. Washing your hands often is another good precaution while travelling around Nepal.
Trekkers have a different set of health risks to be concerned about. Altitude sickness is a common ailment above 2,500 metres if you ascend too quickly. Headaches and nausea are the first indications of this malady. It’s easily avoided getting altitude sickness by taking your time as you gain elevation to let your body adjust. Also, be sure to wear plenty of sunscreen, a hat and sunglasses when trekking at altitude. The sun in the Himalayas is extremely strong and. Drink plenty of water while trekking, even if it’s cold and you don’t feel thirsty.
For minor illnesses like a bad stomach, the local pharmacies are the best places to seek treatment. There is decent service at Pokhara’s Western Regional Hospital and Manipal Hospital, Tansen’s Mission Hospital, and Lagankhel’s Patan Hospital. Healthcare standards are not up to international standards, and those with serious ailments should head home or to neighbouring India. Buying travel insurance for your visit to Nepal is highly suggested. Travel insurance will cover the costs of any medical care or expensive helicopter evacuations from the mountains. Kathmandu Medical Hospital: +977 1 4240805